Introduction to School Safety Initiative:
In today’s society the subject of why is School Safety Important is essentially replied by taking a gander at the quantity of expanding rates of viciousness in our schools. Business Services International has launched an initiative in this regard.
Keeping your children safe:
A safe learning environment is vital for understudies of any age. Without it they can’t concentrate on taking in the aptitudes required for a fruitful training and future. At the point when brutality is a piece of the instructive setting, all understudies are influenced somehow. Despite the fact that your tyke may not be the real casualty of viciousness in school, there is a decent shot that he or she will witness brutal acts all through the instructive years.
The issue of school safety is a noteworthy worry at all levels of government from neighborhood to elected. School sheets meet with instructors and guardians to listen to their worries and proposed arrangements. State and central governments are finding a way to enhance school safety and law implementation as the country understands the significance of school safety.
A school crisis is any event that significantly interrupts or alters a normal school day. School crises are categorized into five categories: natural, medical, mechanical, situational or manmade. Examples of each are listed below.
- Severe weather
- School bus accident
- Injuries occurring on campus
- Outbreak of contagious disease (Hepatitis, Meningitis, etc.)
- Electrical power failure
- Explosions (boiler rooms, science labs, chemical storage, etc.)
- Fire on campus / building damage
- Toxic chemical spill
- School evacuations
- Student or teacher death
- Suicide, attempted suicide, or threat of suicide
- Crimes on campus (robbery, assault, rape, gang violence, etc.)
- Terrorist activities (bomb threats, hostage situations, shootings)
- Drive-by-shooting or other multiple victim violence
- Campus intruder (trespassers, deranged persons, gunman, etc.)
- Racial tensions (hate crimes, harassment, teasing, bullying)
- Protest / riot
- Athletic rivalry
- Community unrest
School safety plans are developed to create an awareness of these and other disaster that can occur and to prepare the staff and students for such an event.
Our Company offerings:
Business Services International (BSI) is a safety management company. We are working towards raising awareness among the schools staff and kids for basic safety. Business Service International has pool of consultant’s with diversified and rich experience in Occupational Safety. We have worked with the different industries and identified that safety culture in Pakistan is quiet compromised because Pakistanis do not grow up with the safety mind sets.
We see a lot of accidents daily on the roads and in the workplaces. The main reason for the accidents is the behavior and culture of our society. Business Service International believes to bring the right mind set and awareness about safety in the society. We need to train our next generations. We really need to focus on developing a sense of safe and unsafe acts and conditions in our kids. These kids really play a big role in behavior modifications of their parents.
Behavior based safety:
Behavioral Based Safety is an approach to safety that focuses on the people and nominates
‘Behavior as the cause of most work-related injuries and illnesses’
A Behavior Based Safety approach is one which:
- Is based on solid principles about engaging, motivating, assisting, reinforcing, and sustaining safe behaviors
- Takes a systematic approach, examining the motivation underlying behaviors, in order to increase safe behavior
- Is an ongoing effort; not ‘once-off’ provisions, but a new way of working that the safety leader must continually promote for sustainable, positive results
- Takes time to achieve; however, results can be observed immediately due to the nature of measurement involved
- Emphasizes increasing safe behaviors rather than focusing on length of time without injury. BBS programs do not depend solely on ‘lagging indicators’ (after the fact), and instead shift the focus to ‘leading indicators’ (preventative)
Safety Curriculum for schools:
Following the western way of school safety, schools in Pakistan should include measures of school safety in their school curriculum so students can understand the basic elements of school safety.
Basic elements include:
- Anti-stigma mental health and prevention strategies
- Bullying Prevention
- Conflict Management
- Gang Risk Intervention
- Hate Violence-Motivated Behavior
- Human Trafficking
- Internet Safety
- Student Assistance Program or other intervention and referral system
- Teen Dating Abuse
- Youth Development
- Youth Suicide Prevention
Business Services International is helping school to create and maintain curriculum for safety studies from early grades.
Safety Management Systems:
Safety management system (SMS) is a term used to refer to a comprehensive management system designed to manage safety elements in the workplace. An SMS provides a systematic way to identify hazards and control risks while maintaining assurance that these risk controls are effective. It can be defined as:
An SMS is approach to safety management which works systematically, explicitly and comprehensively for managing safety risks. As with all management systems, a safety management system provides for goal setting, planning, and measuring performance. A safety management system is woven into the fabric of an organization. It becomes part of the culture, the way people do their jobs.
Business Services International is helping schools to develop basic safety management systems which are but not limited to following:
- School safety risk assessment
- Slip, Trips and fall management
- Incidents recording& management
- Fire risk assessment and control
- Emergency response and evacuation
- Electrical safety in class rooms
- Safety during earthquakes and natural disasters
- Road safety and play ground safety
- Basic safety training for school staff
School safety risk management:
It is a legal requirement for all employers to carry out risk assessments. Risk assessments are simply a formal examination of what could cause harm to people. This process enables those involved to weigh up whether precautions are adequate or if more should be done to prevent harm to staff, pupils or others E.g.: visitors, parents, contractors etc. Accidents and ill health can ruin lives, damage reputations and cost money. So apart from being a legal requirement, risk assessments make good sense, focusing on prevention rather than reacting when things go wrong. In many cases simple measures are very effective and not always costly.
There are no fixed rules about how a general risk assessment should be carried out.
The HSE advises a simple ‘five step’ approach to risk assessment:
- Look for the hazards
- Decide who might be harmed and how
- Evaluate the risks and decide whether the existing precautions are adequate or whether more should be done
- Record your findings
- Review your assessment periodically and revise it if necessary
It is important to evaluate or ‘rate’ the risks and deal with the highest risks first.
- A hazard is anything that can cause harm.
- A risk is a combination of the likelihood of harms occurring and the severity or consequences should it occur.
Slip, Trips and fall management:
Although slips and trips can happen to anyone, it is older people, and particularly women, who are often injured more severely. A simple slip can even lead to death. In one accident, a school meals employee slipped on custard spilt on the wooden parquet flooring of a school dining room just as the clearing away and cleaning operations were beginning. She broke her leg and died later from a blood clot. This illustrates the potential severity of these incidents and the importance of immediate action to prevent them. In schools majority of students get injured by slip and trip incidents.
Slip and trip incidents can be controlled, provided the subject is given sufficient attention. The control measures needed are often simple and low-cost, but will bring about significant reductions both in human suffering and costs. Developing and implementing a successful policy to control slip and trip risks will require the support of everyone, including senior managers, employees, contractors and others. Schools and colleges may wish to take a ‘whole school’ approach and also involve the pupils/students in practical discussions on the risks and how they can be controlled. They may also wish this approach to include disability issues that affect staff, pupils and visitors to the premises.
Incidents recording and management:
Incident management is a defined process for logging, recording and resolving incidents. The aim of incident management is to restore the service to the customer as quickly as possible, often through a work around or temporary fixes, rather than through trying to find a permanent solution.
Incident management enables community organizations such as schools, to coordinate the management of incidents with emergency responders across all jurisdictions and functions.
Improves coordination and cooperation between entities using a standardized set of concepts, principles and terminology
Incident recording and management has six key components:
- Command and management system
- Incident command system
- Multi agency corporations
- Public information systems
- Planning, training and exercises
- Personnel qualification and certification standards
- Equipment acquisition and certification standards
- Resource management
- Standards for describing, inventorying, tacking resources
- Communications and information management
- Supporting technologies
- Ongoing management & maintenance
Fire risk assessment and control
Most fires are preventable. Those responsible for workplaces and other buildings to which the public have access can avoid them by taking responsibility for and adopting the right behaviours and procedures.
General fire safety hazards:
Fires need three things to start – a source of ignition (heat), a source of fuel (something that burns) and oxygen:
- sources of ignition include heaters, lighting, naked flames, electrical equipment, smokers’ materials (cigarettes, matches etc), and anything else that can get very hot or cause sparks
- sources of fuel include wood, paper, plastic, rubber or foam, loose packaging materials, waste rubbish and furniture
- sources of oxygen include the air around us
School organization (and/or building owners or occupiers) must carry out a fire safety risk assessment and keep it up to date. This shares the same approach as health and safety risk assessments and can be carried out either as part of an overall risk assessment or as a separate exercise.
Based on the findings of the assessment, authorities need to ensure that adequate and appropriate fire safety measures are in place to minimize the risk of injury or loss of life in the event of a fire.
To help prevent fire in the workplace, your risk assessment should identify what could cause a fire to start, i.e. sources of ignition (heat or sparks) and substances that burn, and the people who may be at risk.
Once you have identified the risks, you can take appropriate action to control them. Consider whether you can avoid them altogether or, if this is not possible, how you can reduce the risks and manage them. Also consider how you will protect people if there is a fire.
- Carry out a fire safety risk assessment
- Keep sources of ignition and flammable substances apart
- Avoid accidental fires, e.g. make sure heaters cannot be knocked over
- Ensure good housekeeping at all times, e.g. avoid build-up of rubbish that could burn
- Consider how to detect fires and how to warn people quickly if they start, eg installing smoke alarms and fire alarms or bells
- Have the correct fire-fighting equipment for putting a fire out quickly
- Keep fire exits and escape routes clearly marked and unobstructed at all times
- Ensure your workers receive appropriate training on procedures they need to follow, including fire drills
- Review and update your risk assessment regularly
Emergency response and evacuation:
At first organization like school has to create a Comprehensive Evacuation Plan. The purpose of the Comprehensive Emergency Management Plan is to protect students, employees, and visitors from serious injury, property loss, or loss of life in the event of a major disaster. The plan describes how the school will respond to an emergency. The school conducts tests of the emergency notification systems on campus. These tests are designed to assess and evaluate the emergency plans and capabilities of the institution.
A disorganized evacuation can result in confusion, injury, and property damage. When developing your emergency action plan, it is important to determine the following:
- Conditions under which an evacuation would be necessary
- Conditions under which it may be better to shelter-in-place
- A clear chain of command and designation of the person in your business authorized to order an evacuation or shutdown.
- Specific evacuation procedures, including routes and exits
- Specific evacuation procedures for high-rise buildings
- For Students
- For Employees
- Procedures for assisting visitors and students to evacuate, particularly those with disabilities or who do not speak English
- A means of accounting for employees after an evacuation
- Special equipment for employees
- Appropriate respirators
Road safety and play ground safety:
Keeping students safe at all times can be tricky when you cannot be with them always. School must ensure the safety of their child at roads too; teachers and employees of school are responsible for the kid’s safety at school. But who keeps them safe on the road? Whether your children walk to school or take the bus, they should be taught about the rules to stay safe on roads.
While it is important for children to know about road safety rules and regulations, they should not be given more information than they can handle. Here are a few basic road safety rules for kids that you can begin with.
- Know Your Signals
- Stop look and cross
- Pay attention , listen
- Don’t run on roads
- Always use sidewalks
- Cross roads and pedestrian crossing
- Never stick hands outside the school bus
- Never cross roads at bends
- Staying safe on a bicycle
- Always get out at the curb side
- Don’t rush
Play ground safety:
- Actively supervise children on playgrounds. It won’t be hard – they’ll probably be calling their friends to watch them climb, jump and swing.
- Check playgrounds where your children play. Look for hazards, such as rusted or broken equipment and dangerous surfaces. Report any hazards to the school or appropriate local office.
- Teach children that pushing, shoving or crowding while on the playground can be dangerous.
- Little kids can play differently than big kids. It is important to have a separate play area for children under 5.
- Ensure that children use age-appropriate playground equipment. Separate play areas for children under 5 should be available and maintained
Basic safety training for school staff:
School staff must be trained by experienced individuals so they can help in order of any emergency. Basic elements for school staff training program includes:
- Individual responsibility.
- Joint occupational health and safety committee.
- Health and safety rules.
- Correct work procedures.
- Orientation with students.
- School inspections.
- Reporting and investigating accidents/incidents.
- Emergency procedures.
- Medical and first aid.
- Health and safety promotion.
By following these steps any school can maintain Health and safety measures and prevent from any big loss in case of emergency.